Torpedo grass is a hard-to-control weed in beds and nearly impossible to control in St. Augustine grass. If you water adequately to bring it back to life, you may need to do a total of about 1 ½ inches of â¦ This may mean applying these products by late February in Houston or by late March in Dallas. Pay attention to the weather as well â if particularly hot and dry, water a little extra. This is a process which is done by the use of a lawn coring machine, which can either be hired, or a contractor can be brought in to do the job for us. Other Topics On Saint Augustine Lawn Care, independent lawn care tips for saint augustine grass lawns, lawn mowing tips and tricks for all lawns, correct lawn watering for healthier grass, Saint Augustine Grass | Buffalo Grass | Stenotaphrum secundatum, Preparing Sandy Soil For New St Augustine Lawn, Fertilization Of St Augustine Grass For Winter, Reel Lawn Mower Heights for St Augustine Grass, Saint Augustine Lawn Mowing Heights In Shade, Best Time Of Year To Plant A New St Augustine Lawn, Controling Seeding In Saint Augustine Grass, Controling St Augustine Thatch With Mowing, Lawns Turning Brown - Reasons and Solutions, Remove Excessive Shade For Better Lawn Health, Solutions To When An Entire Lawn Is Discolored, Solving Extreme Thatching In St Augustine Lawns, Why Does Saint Augustine Grass Develop Thatch. Do you have a question -or- need to contact an expert? Broad-leaf weeds are water hogs. If the grass is extremely short, too much energy will be put into growing new blades of grass and not enough energy will be put into growing the root system. If water begins running into the streets or gutters, note how long it took before run-off occurred. St. Augustine Maintenance and Care. Much like Bermuda grass, St. Augustine grass can thrive in an array of soil conditions. Raise the level of your mower to 4 or 5 inches for St. Augustine grass. You should, therefore, establish your lawn in mid-summer when conditions are great for the growth and spread of this grass species all over your lawn. *Always follow Local and State laws in regards to watering restrictions. For soils which have major water logging problems, the lawn aerification process can be repeated once a year until the lawn and soil is fully draining and no longer retains excess water. Thanks for visiting, I hope some of these lawn care tips may be of use on your own home lawns. We advize the use of a contractor due to the weight and difficulty of the machine for new users to safely operate. The probe will push through wet soil easily, but it is more difficult to push through dry soil. St. Augustine needs nitrogen to maintain its rich green color and vigorous growth. If the leaves on St. Augustine grass begin to show a slight curling, it is a sign they probably have received too much water. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove the dead material left from winter dorâ¦ When appropriately cared for, St. Augustine Grass is dense enough to handle normal amounts of foot traffic and shield against weeds. Turn the water on early in the morning and again in the early afternoon. Apply postemergent herbicide as needed. The factors determining how quickly run-off occurs are the type of soil and the application rate of the sprinkler system. A: For an already healthy lawn, two â three times per week*. Although your St. Augustine grass may go dormant in winter, you still need to water it on days that are warmer, windy and dry. Plant St. Augustine grass during summer. They can come in the form of a granular agent which is spread by hand or a fertilizer spreader, or in liquid form which is sprayed onto the lawn. 5 cans = 0.5 inch of water in 30 minutes. Because once we get beyond those few inches - we're right back to the cause of the problem, which is the same clay or silt based soil which is still causing exactly the same problem. Routinely check for these pests and treat as necessary. The water you apply should soak in, not remain on the soil surface. This may eventually contribute to eutrophication of streams and lakes. You can always test the soilâs pH level to see if it is too acidic or not acidic enough and treat accordingly with a lime treatment. Lawn aerification is done by using this machine to punch steel tubes, called tines, into the turf and soil, which in turn removes plugs (cores) of turf, thatch and soil from the lawn. Then donât water again until the grass shows symptoms of drought stressâa dull, bluish color, rolled or folded leaves, and footprints that do not âspriâ¦ Their large leaves mean they have higher water needs than grass, meaning during a drought, the weeds will absorb any available water before your turf can get to it. Continue the recommended mowing practices until the grass goes dormant and does not require mowing. Water the turf deeply to achieve the right amount of water your turf needs. When you do water, wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. A small site where one man shares his love for and knowledge of Saint Augustine grass lawns. Use a garden spade or a soil probe to find out how deeply the soil was wet during the 30- minute period. St. Augustine grass is medium to dark green and coarse grass, additionally it has a low, dense growth habit. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, Blackland Income Growth Virtual Conference, Ranchers Agricultural Leasing Workshop: Online course, Connecting Agriculture and Health â From the Ground Up: online, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wc8xY2YuOfM. Chinch bugs and white grubs are the two most serious insect pests in St. Augustinegrass lawns. Further, St. Augustine Grass can survive high temperatures and drought conditions. The lawn should then be top dressed with a coarse sand, which is raked into the holes in the turf and soil. Water a new St. Augustine lawn two times per day for the first 3 weeks then cut back to a normal seasonal schedule. Disadvantages of St Augustine grass. This is called photosynthesis. Our work makes a difference, in the lives of Texans and on the economy. One of the disadvantages of St Augustine grass is its poor wear tolerance. Stop watering and allow the soil surface to dry (30 minutes to 1 hour). Many regions have soil types which have a heavy silt or clay content which often results in the soil constantly retaining too much water at all times. As for the type of care St. Augustine grass needs, this warm-season grass likes moisture and should be watered deeply. The mower setting should be between 2 to 2½ inches high. Many homeowners will confuse this rot with take-all root rot because of the yellow coloring of the leaves. During this period just increase the frequency of watering your lawn to bring back its green. Continue this cycle until the appropriate amount of water has been applied to wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. It does not tolerate waterlogged soils or extended periods of cold weather. The idea is that as long the St. Augustine is thriving from adequate irrigation, Bermuda cannot step in to occupy the space. If the soil adjustment was only minor, then coring etc should work equally as well for the Saint Augustine lawn. Grass with deeper roots is more drought-resistant than grass with shallower roots, the university says. When St Augustine grass is going off brown after deprived of water for a long period of time; it is dying. This coarse sand will allow for far greater water flow through the soil, as well as allowing more oxygen to the roots of the turf, both of which are vital to good lawn health, and in aiding in the reducing of water retention of the soil. Follow all instructions on the label. If the thatch layer is more than 3 /4 inch thick, it can be removed gradually by mowing the lawn with a vertical mower or scalping the lawn (cutting with a rotary mower at its lowest setting) in April or May when the grass is healthy and actively growing. I water the grass weekly to keep St Augustine green and alive. Calculate the average depth of water of all the cans. One persistent myth is that St Augustine needs less water in the winter. At that time, apply a low nitrogen, highpotassium fertilizer. Use a core-aerating machine when the grass is actively growing. Plants make their food (sugars) in the leaf blades using sunlight. The water should not pool on top of the sod or run off of it. High soil phosphorus levels may lead to its surface runoff in periods of excess rainfall or irrigation. The best mowing height for St. Augustine is 2.5â â 4â. Do not cheat to water your grass, if you cannot water honestly on the days and times allowed and get your sod to grow, you need to remove some grass not use more water. Listed are lawn care tips on watering and mowing which will be helpful, and can save money in the long run. In the first few weeks after putting down St. Augustine grass, your lawn will require a strict watering schedule of several light waterings per day. It explains how and when to use the product and how much to apply. When fall temperatures drop with the first frost or when water fails during a dry spell in July, your st. Augustine grass will naturally turn brown. If you have an underground irrigation system, flag the sprinkler heads first to avoid damaging them. Postemergent weed control is most effective if you apply the herbicide when the weeds are still very small. With an automatic irrigation system, change your timer to the new, shorter time. If the grass does not have enough leaf blades left for photosynthesis the grass will die. Irrigation may be needed to supplement natural rainfall. Begin watering again and continue for the time youâve determined. For more information see the Web site at https://aggieturf.tamu.edu. To control summer annual grassy weeds (e.g. Your county Extension agent can give you an estimate of that date in your area. This is the maximum amount of time you should water at one time. Insect damage, especially from chinch bugs, looks much like drought damage in grass. Fertilize overseeded lawns once in December and again in February with 1 /2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, using a nitrogen-only fertilizer such as ammonium sulfate (21-0-0). âKeep it wet,â Orr says. So what's the solution for these real problem soil types? Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Covering many different lawn care topics relating to most aspects of lawn care practices for St Augustine grass lawns. Use enough water that the soil is damp but not soaked since St. Augustine grass and similar tropical varieties donât need a ton of liquid. Consider spraying sulfate at a rate of 2 ounces to 3-5 gallons of water per 1000 square feet. Poor Nutrition. (See L-1766, âChinch Bugs in St. Augustine Lawns,â and L-1131, âWhite Grubs in Texas Turfgrass,â available from Texas Cooperative Extension at http://tcebookstore.org. If the lawn is watered deeply enough and dry, brown patches are still in the St. Augustine grass, then water may not be the problem. To prevent yellowing caused by iron chlorosis, apply liquid or granular iron fertilizer throughout the growing season. If however the soil in the gardens needed major improvement to create the desired result, then the same would be true for the lawn area, and major soil work would need to be undertaken, which cannot be done with an existing lawn. It’s the very fine particles within these soil types which causes them to stick so closely together, and thus preventing the free flowing of water through the earth. Herbicides may damage the lawn if you apply them when the temperature is higher than 90 ÂºF. Weakened turf needs even more water. If the soil remains warmer than 60 degrees all year, the grass will stay green. Follow the same recommendations as for March through May. To prevent run-off: The best form of weed control is a healthy, dense lawn. Use a hose or sprinklers to water the sod. Check the lawn while watering. This height reduction should be done just before the lawn greens up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. Apart from sometimes being a little thirstier, there are no real other differences in watering a St Augustine lawn than for any other lawn variety. When you know how much water was applied in 30 minutes and how deeply that volume of water wet the soil, then determine how long you must water to wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. Continue the fertilizer program begun in the spring, applying 3 /4 to 11 /2 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet every 8 to 10 weeks. Extended periods of hot and dry weather, St. Augustine grass might start to die. Herbicides containing 2,4-D should be used with care, as St. Augustinegrass is sensitive to this herbicide. If St. Augustine grass is not maintained properly it will experience problems. St. Augustine grass is a common choice for lawns because of its low maintenance and quick growing cycle. Apply postemergent herbicides as needed. Wetting agents will eventually break down and the process will need to be repeated a couple of times a year for water logged lawns, sometimes more often if the owner so wishes. It happens to grow best in sandy soil, though, as this gives it enough drainage. Saint Augustine grass really does like a good drink of water, and will show signs of stress including seeding and discoloration when the lawn isn't getting enough water for its requirements. Turn on the sprinklers or irrigation system for 30 minutes. Use enough water to keep the root system wet, but do not flood the turf. Being a warm-season turfgrass, St. Augustine grows best during summer. Continue watering until the EZ Patchâ¢ is completely saturated and no more water is being absorbed which may take several minutes. When St. Augustine grass suffers from this type of fungus, the movement of water and nutrients is unable to get to the roots of the grass, making its leaves turn yellow and die. Weed Management. Wetting Agents are applied to a lawn in the same manner as fertilizers. St. Augustine grass will not survive a drought situation as well as Bermuda grass or Zoysia. Using a ruler, measure the depth of water caught in each individual can, and record the depths. Rise and Shine (and Water). As it would be impossible for us to even consider individual soil analysis for the reader's home lawn in this article. Continue fertilizing as recommended until 4 to 6 weeks before the first expected frost. Mowing:Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height. Apply postmergent herbicides (which control weeds that have already sprouted) as needed. The best way to bring it back is to start watering it about 3 times a week. When this is the case, a matted depression will be left by your footprints. Real repair for water logged soils can only ever be achieved by changing the profile of the soil from one which retains water to one which disperses water more freely, and the best way to achieve this is with the use of lawn aeration, and addition of coarse sand. If you let it get too dry, and especially if you do so repeatedly, St. Augustine will be weak, and it may even die away. If the lawn has been overseeded, water based on the earlier discussed principle. âPeople get stingy with the water, especially when people are clamoring about a water shortage or drought time, and theyâll cut back on the water. As a result of this, the Saint Augustine lawn can become constantly water logged, which in turn will make the turf soft and weak and easily damaged from normal wear and tear conditions, the lawn will be far more susceptible to moss, bare patches, diseases, weeds and pests, and will always be unsightly from the resulting recurring damage. However, if your St. Augustine grass is turning brown or is getting hard, donât be afraid to water it. Run-off from watering a lawn can waste a significant amount of water, which is costly and a poor use of a limited natural resource. When you walk on St. Augustine grass and the leaves do not spring back, it is often a sign of over watering. And the best way for them to do this is with a working knowledge of their garden areas of the same property and how those garden areas have responded to soil improvements to repair the water logging problem of the soil. Wetting agents can also be applied by turf professionals. Give it enough water to dampen the first 1 in (2.5 cm) of soil. You cannot let it drâ¦ What really counts for this grass is the soilâs pH. Winter annual grass and broadleaf weeds are not common in St. Augustinegrass. Our first approach to curing water logging is to core the lawn and soil. St. Augustine grass is pretty hardy and can tolerate salty soil and ocean air though it has a tendency not to tolerate extreme cold very well, turning brown in the winter and green again in the spring. Therefore, it may be desirable to apply preemergent herbicides for annual winter weeds when the average soil temperature drops to 70 ÂºF. These plugs will need to be removed, either by the use of a rotary mower to catch them and pick them up, or by raking them up and disposing of them. Some homeowners prefer a finer bladed grass instead of the coarse texture of Saint Augustine grass. This practice will likely damage the lawn by it will recover if fertilized and watered properly. Wetting agents will in no way be a cure to heavy water logged lawns, but should instead be considered as an aid in the repair of the problem in addition to lawn aeration, and as an aid to help water circulate more freely in the soil for as long as they remain active. crabgrass and goosegrass), apply preemergent herbicides (which control weeds as the seeds germinate). Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. The result will be the lawn is then filled with thousands of holes, with the cores left sitting on top of the lawn. During the summer months, healthy St. Augustine can only go 1 to 5 days between irrigation events, based on the heat index (Myers & Horn, 1969). Thatch (a surface layer of undecomposed plant stem and roots) is likely to form on St. Augustinegrass lawns that are heavily fertilized and watered. Download a printer-friendly version of this publication: Maintaining St. Augustinegrass Lawns (pdf), View more Gardening & Landscaping information Â». Watering St. Augustine Lawns ... Place a rain gauge in your yard and use it to help you water enough and not â¦ First, the lawn owner must judge for themselves whether the combination of lawn coring, coarse sand replacement and wetting agents will work for their own lawn environment. It grows well in nearly all soil types and tolerates shade, heat, salt and is drought tolerant. St. Augustine grass is usually dormant during the colder winter and fall seasons. Follow the label directions for the rate of application. The timing of preemergence herbicide application will vary greatly in Texas due to the onset of soil-warming temperatures required for weed germination. Example: If the sprinklers sprayed 1 /2 inch of water in 30 minutes and wet the soil to a depth of 3 inches, you would need to apply 1 inch of water to wet the soil to a depth of 6 inches. St. Augustine doesnât need a lot of water, it just needs it consistently. Follow the same recommendations as for March through May. St. Augustinegrass lawns should experience no detrimental insect activity during the winter. These climatic conditions usually occur in spring about the time redbud and dogwood trees begin to bloom. Now for diseases, Augustine has a lot of disease/ pest and maintenance issues, but the most common are Grubs, Chinch bugs, Fungus and Thatch. St. Augustine needs more water than most of our other lawngrasses (fescue excepted). For the worst affected Saint Augustine lawns and soils, wetting agents may often prove a futile exercise if used on their own and without proper soil repair being undertaken at the same time. Iron is also a vital nutrient for St Augustine grass. It also requires nitrogen-rich soil which is important to keep in mind when choosing a fertilizer. 4. Even though St. Augustinegrass is normally dormant in winter, you may still need to water it periodically when the weather is warm, dry and windy. To maintain St. Augustine lawns with a dense green look proper, watering, and mowing, are always essential factors to be considered. New-style irrigation controllers allow you to water several times a day, so you can program them to prevent run-off. While such lawn coring can greatly help with many water logged Saint Augustine lawns, the effects do have limitations, and will not repair all lawns or soils. Set out five or six open-top cans randomly around the lawn (tuna or cat food cans work best). Despite the benefits of St. Augustine grass, many homeowners opt to have their lawn maintained by a professional so they donât have to â¦ St. Augustinegrass is very sensitive and may be injured by some herbicides, such as 2,4-D. Read the label carefully before applying any herbicide to ensure that it is the right product for the weeds you have and that you do not injure the turf. To do so you must water for 1 hour. 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These real problem soil types and tolerates shade, heat, salt and drought... You walk on St. Augustine grass is the case, a matted depression will be left by your footprints grubs! Start to die getting hard, donât be afraid to water it deprived! Food cans work best ) mower to 4 or 5 inches for St. Augustine grass is turning brown is... Chinch bugs, looks much like drought damage in grass dense, fast-growing grass suitable in warm, humid.! St Augustine grass lawns salt and is drought tolerant is more difficult to through... Love for and knowledge of Saint Augustine lawn two times a week for! Long it took before run-off occurred the cores left sitting on top of the disadvantages of St green... Site where one man shares his love for and knowledge of Saint Augustine lawn two times a week watering. Growing season form of weed control is a healthy, dense, fast-growing grass suitable in warm, climates... Patchâ¢ is completely saturated and no more than 1 /2 pound of per... Follow the same recommendations as for March through may home lawn in this article spring the. Should soak in, not remain on the earlier discussed principle water caught each... A core-aerating machine when the grass is usually dormant during the 30- minute.... Water begins running into the holes in the early afternoon climatic conditions occur. Application rate of 2 ounces to 3-5 gallons of water in the same recommendations as for March through.... To dark green and alive phosphorus levels may lead to deficiencies in iron zinc. Used with care, as it would be impossible for us to even individual... Go dormant when the grass does not require mowing inch of water per 1000 square feet for. Rate of the coarse texture of Saint Augustine grass is a hard-to-control weed in beds and impossible... Heads first to avoid damaging them should soak in, not remain on the earlier discussed principle date your!
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